Reversible Proven risk factors

TABLE OF REVERSIBLE PROVEN RISK FACTORS

Overview of reversible risk factors for 1st or 2nd NAAION attack, both and suggestions from experiences of fellow patients - and published studies if known - how to control these reversible factors. The percentages displayed show the statistical risk of a 2nd attack.
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- list is under construction (so not complete) -

Reversible
Proven
Reference studiesSuggested preventive actions
Systemic arterial hypertension including overtreated hypertension (30-59%)Large retro­spective longitudinal cohort data study of 1.4 million managed care enrollees resulting in 977 NAAION patients (period 2001-2014) - Cestari DM et al.
Palombi K, Renard E, Levy P, Palombi K, Renard E, et al. (2006) Non-arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy is nearly systematically associated with obstructive sleep apnoea. Br J Ophthalmol 90: 879-882Palombi K, Renard E, Levy P, Palombi K, Renard E, et al. (2006) Non-arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy is nearly systematically associated with obstructive sleep apnoea. Br J Ophthalmol 90: 879-882.
Diabetes mellitus (40%)
Perioperative visual loss (POVL - with cardiac and spine surgeries 0.2-23%)Newman NJ (2008) Perioperative visual loss after nonocular surgeries. Am J Ophthalmol 145: 604-610.
Lee LA, Roth S, Posner KL, Cheney FW, Caplan RA, et al. (2006) The American Society of Anesthesiologists Postoperative Visual Loss Registry: analysis of 93 spine surgery cases with postoperative visual loss. Anesthesiology 105: 652- 659.
Hypercholesterolemia